Pain in the area of ankle can occur suddenly or sometime after the injury, but in any case it is not necessary to ignore the discomfort and perform self-treatment. It is important to diagnose the cause, take appropriate action, as may be worsening, a negative effect not only on the ability to move, but also on general health. Ankle joints play a crucial role in walking and assume a huge burden of body weight. In addition, it is a very complex joint structure, consisting of many adjacent elements. Therefore, it is this part of the musculoskeletal system that often suffers.
It is possible, quite arbitrarily, to split the swelling of the ankle joint into two categories:
1. As a result of ankle injury;
2. As a result of internal causes (pathologies, diseases);
There are people who regularly "sprain a foot". In some cases, this is due to the weakness of the ligamentous apparatus. Others simply do not observe reasonable precautions, preferring unstable shoes with high heels. More often such a trauma occurs in children - due to the fact that they are more mobile, and their joints have not yet grown stronger.
If your sprain your foot, as a rule, pain follows, especially when the joint moves, the joint turns, the hematoma develops (bruise).
What to do with ankle injury?
First, you must immediately give the joint a rest. It is best not to step on foot for some time - sit down, putting your foot on a chair, or lie down, lifting your leg (put a pillow under it). It is good to apply a cold compress to the painful joint. If possible, treat the site of the dislocation with an analgesic ointment (without a warming effect).
Secondly, you need to decide whether to go to a doctor. The patient is not always able to correctly assess his/her condition. After all, you may not just have a bruise or a stretch, but also a serious dislocation or even a fracture. If it's a child, it's always better to go to the emergency room. An adult should see the doctor if the swelling and pain increase, do not pass during the time when you gave the joint a rest.
With uncomplicated ankle injury or stretching, the following rules must be observed:
1. Do not load your foot; try not to step on it;
2. In the initial period, apply cold and use anesthetic ointments, and then apply warming and absorbing drugs (externally) to remove the hematoma faster;
3. Bandage the joint with an elastic bandage and wear such a fixing bandage during the day (for the night and for the rest period - take off);
If you do not tuck in, do not hit the leg, and still you have swollen ankles, you experience discomfort or even pain when you load it - be sure to go to the doctor. Also, do not hesitate to ask for help if both of your ankles are struck simultaneously.
Remember that with such swelling it is impossible to apply cold to the joints, do not massage or warm them up. First you need to know the exact diagnosis and get a doctor's appointment. The sooner the treatment of the musculoskeletal system begins the more success it will bring.
The cause of swelling and joint pain can be:
• Arthritis, arthrosis;
• Bursitis, synovitis, inflammation of ligaments and so on;
All these are different types of inflammatory-degenerative processes that can affect the ankle. They become a consequence of metabolic disorders, autoimmune reactions and rheumatic processes. An important factor in the development of such pathologies becomes overweight - with age, the joint wears heavily from high loads and loses health.
Naturally, the method of treatment will be veiled from the cause of the indisposition. In sprains, or in a minor injury, as well as subluxation, sometimes just quite proper home care is not enough for complex fractures without temporary hospitalization.
The doctor will not only examine your joints and conduct a survey. You will be assigned diagnostic tests:
• MRI or CT;
• General and biochemical blood test;
After the diagnosis, you will be given a comprehensive treatment. It will be directed, first of all, to the removal of an acute inflammatory process in the joint, the harmonization of metabolic processes. Often such patients are prescribed a special diet - with a low intake of salt, protein. There are medicines provided to improve the effectiveness of treatment, for example, preventing the formation of foci of infection, increasing cell regeneration and so on.
What can you do yourself to maintain joint health?
There are some rules that will help reduce the likelihood of ankle injury, which to a greater extent and provoke pain in the ankle. First of all, this is comfortable footwear which should be selected by the season. Good stability, non-slip sole will help to avoid dislocations. Similarly, shoes are selected for sports.
In addition to the competent selection of shoes to prevent ankle injury, you should monitor the general condition of the body, which will help not only reduce the likelihood of joint damage, but also contribute to improving overall health. For example, excess weight, which increases the load on the legs and joints, respectively.
If you do not have internal pathologies, but you often sprain foots - you should strengthen them. To do this, there are specially designed complexes of physiotherapy exercises. But, also, the training of these joints is facilitated by skating, swimming. It is very important to keep track of your weight and keep it healthy. In overweight people suffer the spine, and hip joints, and knees, and ankles. And when an excessive burden will lead to a disease - it's only a matter of time.