What is glycemic profile?


Along with the words “glycemic profile” will necessarily be present one more word — “diabetes”. This does not mean that if you are not ill, you should close this article. The issue of diabetes worldwide is more than serious, so awareness of basic "diabetic" risks and factors is part of the knowledge needed for a high quality of life. Glycemic profile measurements cannot be imagined as a roof or a fence and no analysis, nothing direct and absolute. This is a graph, or rather a curve line. Each point in it is the level of glucose at certain times of the day. The line has never been and will not be straight: glycemia is very capricious, it changes all the time. So it is necessary not only to monitor, but also fix it.
It will not be an exaggeration to say about the global epidemic of diabetes. The situation is catastrophic: diabetes is getting younger and becoming more aggressive. This is especially true for type 2 diabetes, which is associated with defects in nutrition, and in the way of life in general.
Glucose is one of the main “players” in the metabolism of humans. This is like the oil and gas sector in the national economy — the main and universal source of energy for all metabolic processes. The level and effective use of this "fuel" is controlled by insulin, which is produced in the pancreas. If the work of the pancreas is failing (this is precisely because of diabetes), the results will be devastating: from heart attacks and stroke to loss of vision.
Glycemia or glucose in the blood is the main indicator of the presence or absence of diabetes. The literal translation of the word "glycemia" is "sweet blood". This is one of the most important controlled variables in the human body. But it will be a mistake to take blood for sugar in the morning once and forget about it for the rest of the day. One of the most objective studies is glycemic profile of persons with diabetes mellitus — the "dynamic" technology for determining the level of glucose in the blood. Glycemia is a very variable indicator, and depends primarily on nutrition.
If you act strictly according to the rules, blood should be checked eight times, from morning to night. The first test — in the morning on an empty stomach, all the next tests — exactly 120 minutes after eating. Night portions of blood are checked at 12 o'clock in the night and in exactly three hours. There is a brief version of glycemic profile for healthy individuals or those who do not receive insulin as a treatment: the first test in the morning after sleep and three others after breakfast, lunch and dinner.
Blood is checked with a glucose meter following the mandatory rules:
  • Wash your hands with soap (give preference to fragrance-free soaps)
  • Do not rub the skin at the injection site with alcohol
  • There should be no creams or lotions on the skin
  • Hold your arm in the warmth; massage your finger before injection
If the limits of the blood sugar content of a healthy person are 33 - 60 mmol / l, then the glycemic profile figures are considered normal with other numbers:
Glycemic profile in type 1 diabetes — the norm is 101 mmol / l.
Glycemic profile in type 2 diabetes — morning glucose levels are not higher than 59 mmol / l, and the daily level is not higher than 89 mmol / l.
We can talk about diabetes if, after 8 hours of night sleep (the patient should, of course, be hungry), the rates are equal to or greater than 70 mmol / L at least twice. When it comes to glycemia after eating, then in this case the critical level is equal to or greater than 110 mmol / l.
It is extremely important that the rates of glycemic norm may vary depending on age and some other factors (in elderly people, for example, the slightly higher values are acceptable); therefore the limits of the norm should be determined strictly individually by a specialist (endocrinologist). One shouldn’t disregard this recommendation: on the results of the tests depend very serious decisions about the tactics and dosage of diabetes treatment. Every tenth of the indicators can play a critical role in the future of the human life. Based on these tests, medical professionals are able to prescribe the best medications for their patients. These medications one can purchase at any drugstore, because, as we said, diabetes is very widespread. But one can also buy them from a legit top online pharmacy.
It should be remembered that only a doctor can interpret glycemic profiles or prescribe this procedure! This is done:
  • In the initial form of glycemia, regulated by a diet and without medicines — every month
  • To detect sugar in the urine
  • When taking medications that regulate glycemia — weekly
  • When taking insulin — every month
  • In type 1 diabetes, an individual sampling schedule is based on the clinical and biochemical picture of the disease
  • During pregnancy in some cases (see below)
Pregnant women may develop a special type of diabetes — gestational. Often after childbirth everything gets back to normal. But, unfortunately, there are more and more cases where gestational diabetes in pregnant women without proper control and treatment transforms into type 2 diabetes. The main "culprit" of this phenomenon is the placenta, which secretes hormones that are resistant to insulin. Most often, this hormonal problem is manifested in the period of 28 - 36 weeks of pregnancy; during this period prescribe glycemic profile in pregnancy.
Sometimes in blood or urine of pregnant women the sugar content is higher than normal. If these cases are isolated, do not worry — it’s just the physiology of pregnant women being capricious. If elevated glycemia or glucosuria (sugar in urine) are observed more than twice and if the tests were performed on an empty stomach, one can think of diabetics in pregnant women. Blood glucose test are necessary in the following cases:
  • Overweight or obesity of a pregnant woman;
  • Diabetes in relatives of the first line;
  • Ovarian diseases;
  • Age of a future mother is over 30
Since for blood tests and measurements should always be used the same glucometer (they may vary in calibration), ease of use and accuracy of are absolute and mandatory requirements. Additional benefits of glucometers when choosing:
  • Memory (preserving previous data)
  • Display size and compactness
  • Volume of necessary blood for analysis (the smaller, the better)

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