Autism: what is it?

Autism: what is it?
Autism, what kind of the disease is it and why in recent times it causes such public interest? The answer is simple: it has become increasingly frequent. Moreover, this disease is diagnosed not only in children but also in adults. This is due to the improvement of diagnostic methods and better awareness of this condition. Prior to this, doctors often made false diagnoses, this did not provide real tools for treating such people, although timely medical intervention has a rather positive dynamics in many cases.
What’s the matter, are people born with autism, what causes this disease? It's very difficult to answer these questions today. Scientists and researchers do not have so far a unanimous opinion. We know only one thing: it is impossible to cure such a person; this diagnosis will accompany him or her all life. But we can and should help the sick person to adapt to real world, help to communicate with others.
First signs of autism might be noticed already when a child is under the age of three. How not to miss the disease and at the same time do not create excessive panic around the child? In this case, only the prudence of the parents will be helpful, multiplied by their observation, with the addition of maternal intuition, that something is wrong with the baby, plus consultation with a good specialist. We understand that it is foolish to rush to the pediatrician every time your child sneezes. But there is something that should encourage parents to constantly seek medical attention. This is the child’s health. The truth is: the earlier treatment begins, the better the result you’ll be able to achieve.
Autism (definition of which is not yet unambiguous), is considered a mental illness that arises as a result of disorders of brain development. Main features are:
  • Deviations in social interaction and communication
  • Stereotypes in behavior and interests
These features appear in the child, usually before they reach the age of three. In some cases, specialists can observe the manifestations of this disease already in a three-month-old baby.
Statistics on the number of people suffering from this disease are ambiguous. In the United States, where the diagnosis and treatment of the disease are taken seriously, the following are:
  • 1 American child of 88 has autistic spectrum problem according to CDC (USA)
  • Among boys, autism is found much more often than among girls;
  • Since 1990, the disease in the United States and the United Kingdom has increased at times, the causes are not known
As you can see, the problem of autism is very relevant throughout the world.
What causes autism? Scientists still do not have an unambiguous answer to this question. But international diagnostic systems are inclined to the fact that the main factors still have biological nature. Therefore, the reasons for autism are:
  • Psychodynamic factors
  • Environmental impact
  • Organic neurological and biological violations
  • Biochemical pathology
  • Genetic factor
According to this list, we can conclude that autism (causes of which are numerous) is an illness that occurs within various pathologies.
So, the victims of this disease can be children who, in the prenatal period and early postnatal period, suffered from:
  • Viral infections
  • Radiation
  • Chronic intrauterine hypoxia
  • Acute asphyxiation
  • Intoxication
This group includes children whose parents have an elderly age at the time of conception.
Such a diagnosis is also common in children with certain genetic diseases.
Despite the fact that children who have autism spectrum disorder sometimes give a rather depressing impression because of their strange behavior and strange occupations, they still have a good prospect of development. The basic condition is early diagnosis and early correction (so-called autism treatment).
People with autism who have achieved world recognition for their extraordinary abilities: Albert Einstein, Daniel Tammet, Bill Gates.
Here are 6 basic autism symptoms.
1. The child does make an eye contact
Most children look directly into the eyes when parents feed them, play with them, and generally interact in some way. Sick children avoid eye contact, but not because they do not like you, but because of the socialization problems that are characteristic of this disorder.
2. The child does not smile back at you
Usually, children willingly respond with a smile to a smile when they communicate with the family members and friends, people with whom they feel safe.
But autism often becomes an obstacle to such an exchange of courtesies, so if you notice that your baby does not react to your fervid laughter and wide smile, this can be a sign of illness.
Look closely at the reactions of your child, and if this symptom appears on a par with others on this list, be prepared to go to the doctor.
3. The child does not react to his or her name
If the child does not react at all, when you call him or her by name and do not express any interest hearing your voice, he or she might have developed autism.
But, at the same time, do not think that the lack of a habitual reaction is a sign of low intellectual development or a sign that your child is unhappy with your company and wants to remain alone.
These misconceptions are often associated with autism, but have nothing to do with reality. This is why exist special autism tests, so if you suspect that something is wrong with you child, go to the doctor.
4. The child does not use gestures for communication
Children start pointing their finger at the objects they are interested in quite early and gladly wave their hands, greeting or saying goodbye to people.
When your child has grown enough for conscious communication, but has not started using gestures to express his or her needs and emotions, it is worthwhile to think about whether everything in the development is going according to plan.
5. The child rarely plays and has little interest in the world around
Games are an integral part of human cognitive development. Many children begin to play with themselves and with other people even before they learn to walk and talk.
So if you notice that your baby is not at all interested in all the beautiful toys that you buy, and does not have much fun when you try to amuse him or her, maybe this is because of autism.
Again, this does not mean that the child does not experience joy. Just for autistic children it is more difficult to express their emotions, both positive and negative.
6. The child rarely asks for help
Children love to explore the outside world, and when they are not able to get somewhere in their adventures or sort out something themselves, they usually ask adults for help. If it’s not about your child, he or she might have autism. Again, it all boils down to the fact that it is psychologically difficult for children with this disorder to express their emotions and to signal their needs.

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